Energy security refers to the connection between energy markets and national security in the production, transmission, and use of energy. The energy security landscape is two dimensional, defined by economic and political axes. Both axes of energy security deserve attention. While Tunisia has far fewer oil and gas reserves than its neighbors in the region. It was then that Tunisia became dependent on foreign energy imports, and began diversifying its energy mix through renewables and energy efficiency campaigns to curb consumption. Revise Tunisia’s hydrocarbons code and further promote foreign investment in the country’s relatively small oil and gas industry, becomes one of Tunisia Priorities. Nevertheless, developing local energy production through renewables and domestic oil and gas requires a number of reforms that have proven challenging to implement against the backdrop of post-revolutionary governmental, economic uncertainties and post-COVID pandemic. Dialogue and collaboration on energy market security and data transparency, as well as available spare capacity, inventories, and collective emergency response and prevention measures has never been more important.